Tag Archives: NSS – Economics

香港中學文憑考試 經濟科 示例及評語 (最低工資)

11 四月

為低收入人士 ( 如保安員及清潔工人) 立法制訂最低工資。

( a ) 在沒有最低工資的情況下是沒有人失業的。以圖輔助, 解釋引入有效的最低工資會如何影響
( i )  該行業受僱工人的數目。 (4 分)
( i i ) 該行業受僱工人的總收入。 (7 分)

( b ) 「我們應引入最低工資以保障低收入工人的利益。」對這建議作出評價。 (7 分)

第五級示例及評語

Source: http://www.hkeaa.edu.hk/DocLibrary/HKDSE/Subject_Information/econ/econ-L5-exemplar-comments-c.pdf

廣告

Price Intervention

30 三月

Price intervention

11.1 Price ceiling – the maximum price permitted by law (is to lower the price. If it is effective, it has to set below the equilibrium price)1

11.1.1  Effects on price and quantity transacted

11.1.1.1  A fall in price

11.1.1.2 A fall in quantity transacted

11.1.1.3 A rise in quantity demanded and a fall in quantity supplied, creating shortage.

11.1.2 Other effects

11.1.2.1 Black market

11.1.2.2 Non price methods of allocation and the total price.

11.1.2.3 Lower of product quality

11.2 Price floor – the minimum price permitted by law. (is to set above the market price)

11.2.1 Effects on price and quantity transacted

1. A rise in price

2. A fall in quantity transacted

3. A fall in quantity demanded and a rise in quantity supplied, creating surplus

11.2.2 Other effects

1. Black market

2. No-price competition